Sunday, March 31, 2019

A Study On A Written Constitution Politics Essay

A Study On A Written Constitution Politics EssayThis essay leave be defining what a opus is, how its use and what its used for and whether or non Britain should adopt a written shaping.A written administration is an official document that defines the nature of the thoroughgoing settlement, the policy that governs the governmental schema and the rights of citizens and governments in a codified form. It defines the laws, customs and conventions that define the composition and offices of variety meat of the tell. (J unitys, B., Kavanagh, D., Morgan, M., Norton, P. 2007).Constitutions vary in terms of their purpose, it may be constructed in lots(prenominal)(prenominal) a course as to em corpse and protect fundamental principles (such as the individual liberty) principles that should be beyond the reach of the transient wish of the people. (Jones, B., Kavanagh, D., Morgan, M., Norton, P. 2007). contrary most other countries The United Kingdom does not develop a written per sonality in a exclusive document, but derives from a mo of sources that are part written and part unwritten because on that point are laws, rear of Parliament, conventions and understandings that constitute the recovers of the formal policy-making game. These rules are as about relationships of power, within the governing body s of a state, and between the state and the larger society. It give the bounce adjust readily to suit changing component.A quote by Leo Amery if a spirit is meant a written document or series of documents embodying in statutory or declarative form the principles and structure of our government, then there is, in that hotshot, no such thing as the British personality. What we mean by the British constitution is not any deliberate attempt to control and confine our political growth on the basis of a preconceive intellectual plan, reflecting the political theories of a item group of men or the repossessions of a particular age, but a living structure continuously shaped in the course of history by the interaction of individual purposes and collective instincts with the requirements of constantly varying circumstances. (Amery, L. 1952)Although Britain does not restrain a single document codifying the way its political institutions functions and setting out the basic rights and duties of its citizens, it however has an authorised constitutional documents. Such as the Magna Carta brought in during 1218, which protects the human rights of the community against the Crown, The Bill of Rights 1689 which across-the-board the powers of government, and the Reform make believe 1832 which reformed the formation of parliamentary representation. (www.ukinusa.fco.gov.uk)The principal sources of what git be c wholeed the traditional constitution are four in number statute law, comprising Acts of Parliament and subordinate legislation made under the dominance of the parent Act common law, comprising legal principles developed an applied by the courts, and encompassing the prerogative powers of the crown and the law and practice of parliament conventions, constituting rules of deportment that are considered rules of behaviour that are considered binding by and upon those who flow the constitution but re not enforced by the courts or by the presiding officers in the Houses of Parliament works of billet, comprising various written works-often but not always accorded authority by reason of their age- that provide guidance and commentary on uncertain aspects of the constitution. Such works eat persuasive authority only. (Jones, B., Kavanagh, D., Morgan, M., Norton, P. 2007).Statue law is the pre-eminent of the four sources and occupies such a position because of the doctrine of parliamentary sovereignty. Under this juristically self-imposed concept, the courts recognise only the authority of Parliament officially known as the Queen Parliament to make la, with no body other than Parliament itself having the autho rity to set aside that law. The courts cannot strike overpower a law as being contrary to the provisions of the constitution. The House of Lords has come to be increasing constrained by law and adjust by unwritten conventions so that it can now only go certain bills passed by Commons. (Dearlove and Saunders, 2000).By law, general elections should be held every fin years and all adults are allowed to vote, but however, the first-past-the post voting administration means that not all votes are of the same power-in sending elect candidates from particular parties to the House of Commons. This therefore, has huge implications for the organisation of governmental power, making muscular and unyielding single-party rule very much more likely than the via media of coalition government. (Dearlove and Saunders, 2000).The advantage of the Parliament is the backbone of the British Politics and is only possible threatened by aspects of the work of the European Commission and the European Union institution. Parliament can pass, eradicate and alter any of Britishs Laws. That is one of the major powers that the government has. When the Conservative leader, Margaret Thatcher banned trade unions at GCHQ accept that they had no place in the organisation and had no importance in the British national security, the government reversed it in 1997 when a freshly party came to power and was ruled by Tony Blair. (www.historylearningsite.co.uk).Constitutions are important because it let a states public, establishes national valves, provides organising structure and through that st might in government. It to a fault limits the power of the state to protect its citizen. it represents an important stage of evolution aside from the flexible monarchical constitution of the past, which had Parliamentary sovereignty and executive supremacy at its heart, towards a regulatory state, in which the power of the executive and the Westminster Parliament, era still significant, is restr ained by the existence of subordinate, supranational and parallel powers which it has go awayed into existence but cannot pull up stakes away. The constitution is flexible and adapt fit it is not backfire by the valves of a past age, it can adapt to underway circumstances and crisis or changes. Its produces strong and stable government where parliament is sovereign and power is not shared between a range of branches of Government. The Government is impelling in terms that it gets what it wants and the people bequeath get what they voted for. The Government has a strong degree of accountability where they are the representatives to the electorate when things go wrong, and people will know who to blame.Written constitution is ruled upon by adjudicate. In Britain judges are un elective and it is therefore undemocratic to take power away from our elected representatives and give it to judges who tend to be quite reactionary. One of the benefits of the current system is that it is flexible. If they have a political mandate from the people, the government can reform the constitution, as with the example of the House of Lords. If you had to have a 2/3 majority in both houses, this measure would never have been passed neither would devolution. In countries like the USA, it is nearly impossible to change their constitution. there is no guarantee that what is best now will still be best in the next couple of years. A written constitution would make us much less flexible with Europe. There is a strong culture of rights and liberties which stretches back to1214 with Magna Carta and the 1689 Bills of Rights, and which is widely accepted by politicians of all parties, lawyers and judges, the media and civil society as a whole. This consensus makes it impossible for a single government to overturn rights-as government defeats on the proposed detention of terrorist suspects demonstrate. Since 1998 the Human Rights Act has enshrined the European Convention on Human Rig hts into UK law, and now provides a centralise for this culture of rights. Also less developed countries such as Zimbabwe and Iran have a written constitution, if anyone wanted to flaunt democratic procedures it would be as hard as it would with a written constitution. (www.idebate.org).Well, it works doesnt it? So I think thats the answer even if it is on the back of an envelope and doesnt have a written constitution with every comma and every articulated lorry colon in place. Because sometimes they can make for difficulties that common sense can overcome. (Lord Callaghan, 1991).Britain has survived very well without a written constitution. The people of the clownish are not requesting for a constitution so why so it be changed because American has one. People do not understand the rule that preside over the political side so therefore, it is seen as not be needed. (www.idebate.org).Without a written constitution, the UK has no Bills of Rights to protect its citizens from an over powerful state. The existing Human Acts Rights provides only weak protection, with judges only able to rule that new laws are non-compliant with the Act -the government can dismiss such rulings if it wishes. The Human Acts Rights can easily be amended by a simple majority in both House of Parliament. A written constitution with a proper Bill of Rights would provide much stronger protection for the rights of the citizens. At the moment the judiciary is weak in its ability to act as a check against parliament. A written constitution would increase its powers. The British Parliament is subject to no authority beyond itself and this goes against the principle of the rule of law which the democracy is based on. Also in Europe the context of further political integration in the EU, it is important that it enshrine and clarify Britains Protection from extremists. A written constitution would cranny protection if an extremist came to power and wanted to disregard democratic procedures. (www.idebate.org).An obligate from the Guardian Newspaper 2008 carried news of constitutional proposals drafted by Chris Bryant Destroying British valves. Where the anthropoid children in the UK monarchs take precedence over the female ones in the distinction of succession to the throne, and reform of the Act of Succession the law that bans Roman Catholics, or those married to Catholics, from taking their place in the line of succession wherefore should people worry or even bother about these proposals to repeal such seemingly archaic and irrelevant features of the UKS constitution? (Wintour, P. 2008) (www.Guardian.co.uk) Accessed 11/01/10In conclusion Britain should not adopt a written constitution like America, because if a constitution is put in place it will limit the government or to set out the perimeters which governments must operate then the fact that it can be adapted can be problematic as well. I agree with Lord Callaghan, where he says the system actually works, so why it be changed because it is not codified. Britain has traditional valves that will have to be changed if it adopts a constitution. For example the Human Acts Rights if Britain had a constitution it would have been very difficult for the Acts to gave been placed. There is a huge diversion between American and Britain that is why America has A President and Britain has a Prime Minister.

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